Humans begin acquiring skills which are useful for reading and writing much sooner than we think. By
the age of 3 we are already laying the foundations which will later allow us to become good readers,
and at age 6, we begin to more specifically train these cognitive processes. Therefore, the first
warning signs that could indicate a LEARNING DISABILITY arise during pre-school education or on
starting primary school.
Learning difficulties are caused by to the way in which our brain processes information and are life-
long conditions. For individuals with learning disabilities, learning is difficult and requires the
investment of a greater level of effort compared to that of their peers. Individuals with a specific
learning disability typically have average or above average intelligence. However, they have specific
difficulties with one or more of the processes related to learning, which may include, among others,
difficulties with written numbers, spelling words, or the ability to process information heard without
visual support. This can lead to difficulties in reading, reading comprehension, writing, spelling and
The good news is that with a proper diagnosis and appropriate, individualised intervention, it is
possible to train new and alternative skills and strategies that support the individual to learn in
different ways. Fortunately, the world of education is also increasingly paying more attention to
diversity, accessibility and the equality of opportunities by making adaptations for the differing needs
of the individual student. Due to this, the vast majority of educational centres are open to starting to
implement measures which adapt the curriculum to reflect individual needs (for example, providing
extra time in exams, editing texts for students with dyslexia).
To be able to benefit from these new adaptions and the training of new and different strategies which
replace previously learnt, ineffective and inefficient skills, a firm diagnosis is required from a centre
which holds the necessary licences to perform the assessment.
At SINEWS we have the tools to assess and diagnose learning difficulties in both English and
Following the assessment, our professionals will produce a report detailing the difficulties, along with
recommendations for academic adaptations and the most appropriate intervention.