EMDR Therapy, known as Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing, represents a therapeutic approach that integrates sensory stimuli to address past traumatic experiences.

What does EMDR Therapy involve?

This therapeutic approach is designed to assist individuals in overcoming emotional traumas. During sessions, the therapist guides the patient to focus on disturbing memories or images, using lateral eye movements, bilateral sounds, or tactile stimulation.

These sensory stimuli facilitate the unlocking of the processing of traumatic memories, allowing the brain to process them in a more adaptive manner.

In what situations is EMDR Therapy recommended?

Primarily, it is used to treat Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), although it has also shown effectiveness in other psychological disorders such as anxiety, depression, phobias, and eating disorders. Additionally, its use has been explored in cases of addiction and chronic pain.

Explorando la Terapia EMDR- Tratamiento de Trauma con Estímulos Sensoriales 2

How are EMDR sessions conducted?

Sessions typically last 60 to 90 minutes and are structured into different phases.

Initially, the therapist assesses the patient’s medical history and specific needs. Subsequently, they guide the individual to identify a clear treatment goal. In the next stage, the therapist facilitates the desensitization of traumatic memories, using sensory stimuli such as eye movements, bilateral sounds, or tactile stimulation.

Finally, the therapist works with the patient to consolidate the results obtained and establish a plan of action for the future.

How do eye movements impact EMDR Therapy?

According to Shapiro’s hypothesis, it is believed that eye movements in EMDR Therapy are related to how the brain processes and stores information. These eye movements can contribute to releasing traumatic memories and facilitating a more adaptive processing of the experience.

Is EMDR Therapy applicable to children?

Yes, EMDR Therapy can be adapted to work with children, adjusting the therapeutic process to their age and developmental level. Specialized therapists employ specific techniques to help children process traumatic experiences and overcome related symptoms. It is essential to provide a safe and supportive environment for children receiving EMDR Therapy to manage their emotions during and after treatment.

María José Rubio Alfonso
Division of Psychology, Psychotherapy and Coaching
María José Rubio Alfonso
Psychologist
Adults and adolescents
Languages: English and Spanish
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